He is a God of awesome powers, moving mountains, seas, rivers, valleys, and vast oceans of atmosphere into place. In the Old Testament it is only used in connection with ‘tohu’ (three times). Answer: The whole process of creation in Genesis 1:3-31 is a movement from a more primitive to a more advanced stage of existence. firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night"' (verse Praepar. explanation that is in harmony with both the Bible as a whole and the predominant The Spirit moves (John 3:3-8. You have seen, then, an exact representation of the fallen state of man, and what the Word and Spirit of God, and these only, can do for him. To those who have their hearts in heaven, this lower world, in comparison of the upper, still appears to be confusion and emptiness. Many Christian geologists favored the view because they saw in it "an easy explanation for the fossil strata." The earth was without form and void; but now it is everywhere resplendent with all that is esteemed useful and beautiful. iii. It is the office of the Spirit of God alone to produce light and order in the dark and chaotic soul. (This verbal form, by the way, is the basic characteristic of narrative in the Hebrew Bible. PLAY. Genesis 1 Commentary Genesis 1 is a commentary on the awesome majesty of God, who created the universe His way, not ours. Notice what the 24 elders say as to why they are worshipping God: "The AC 14. ; advocated this view.]. no clear biblical text testifies to the origins of chaos or of the Serpent, nor to the reason for their existence." the demons? Genesis 2:2-3 And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters: "And darkness was upon the face of the deep ...", "And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters ...", and darkness was upon the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters, "earth" refers to the whole planet, though the same English word also refers to the earth and the heavens (when combined with "heaven,", ". Genesis 2:7, King James Version Here in the beginning it was dark and unformed because light and shape and form and all significance had yet to come from God, and He had not yet acted. Chapter 1, verse 3 through Chapter 2, verse 3, speaks of the seven days of creation. It says, “Change succeeded to change, in strict accordance with physical law, very slowly but surely, with no sudden transitions, till, step by step, the one condition passed into the other.” Those regular changes were all that appeared; and they are all which appear now, though the same changes are still going on. Thomas Chalmers promoted it in1814. It is a metaphor from birds hovering and fluttering over, and sitting upon their eggs and young ones, to cherish, warm, and quicken them. Sabbath keepers, In like manner man became a ruin (Genesis 3; Psalms 14:1-3; Psalms 51:5; Psalms 53:1-3. Furthermore, biological interdependence (including countless examples of There have been three primary views concerning the chaos referred to in this verse. The Hebrew This is the ultimate meaning to which the verb tends in all languages. 1. However its use in the Pentateuch helps us understand the writer"s intent in using this term here. God seems at first to have created the elementary principles of all things; and this formed the grand mass of matter, which in this state must be without arrangement, or any distinction of parts: a vast collection of indescribably confused materials, of nameless entities strangely mixed; and wonderfully well expressed by an ancient heathen poet: -. the Sabbath day and hallowed it. Many of them believe that God made things to appear to When they later rebelled against In Genesis, God makes a good world and installs humans as its rulers. The similarity of their forms, joined with the harshness of their sound, made them pass almost into a proverb for everything that was dreary and desolate (Isaiah 34:11; Jeremiah 4:23). This word, from a root signifying confusion or disturbance, is poetically applied to the ocean, as in Psalms 42:7, from the restless motion of its waves, but is used here to describe the chaos as a surging mass of shapeless matter. Some traces of this appear in the νους or mind of Anaxagoras, which when all things were mixed together came and set them in orderF24Laert. The big thing that appears in this verse is the abundant water supply, one of the principle prerequisites of life in any form. Caphtor Uperah, fol. The age of the dinosaurs was pre-Adamic. Upgrade to remove ads. Spell. It manifests a fertility most welcome to the husbandman. tohu va bohu. [Note: John Whitcomb and Henry Morris, The Genesis Flood, p92.] John was transported in his mind's eye. Nothing can be inferred from the mere words of Scripture concerning America, Australia, the islands of the Pacific, or even the remote parts of Asia, Africa, or Europe, that were yet unexplored by the race of man. Age: Does the Bible Indicate a Time Interval Between the First and Second 4. Figure of speech Paronomasia. Sinic. II. No weariness is suggested. Some great catastrophe took place, which left the earth "without form and void" or ruined, in which state it remained for as many years as the geologist required.F7Ian Taylor, p. 363, 364, "In the Minds of Men", 1984, TEF Publishing, P.O. what a resemblance there is between the empty void of nature, before the lights of heaven were introduced into the creation, and that of the human soul before the light of grace hath passed upon it. … That is not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural: then that which is spiritual. It's not logical to think that God would create the earth "formless and desolate" But which among the angels would have supposed that He would form it from this gloomy chaos, this miserable and barren spot we have been considering? Commentary on Genesis 2:1-3 (Read Genesis 2:1-3) After six days, God ceased from all works of creation. For each man is a microcosm, a miniature world of his own. It is God’s positive action that brings light. The manifold wisdom of the Eternal Spirit, combined with His equally manifold power, is adequate to the creation of a manifold system of things. Main points from Genesis 1:2: Genesis 1:2 begins ominously. Wight. all other creatures. The Bible should be read--the ordinances of religion should be attended--the duties of prayer, and devout meditation and reflection, should be solemnly and uninterruptedly discharged; but other means, without the accompanying and moving energies of the Spirit, will be found ineffectual. 28 God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. give light on the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and And what is so sadly true of humanity as a whole, is as sadly true of each member of humanity, at least in his natural, or rather unnatural, denatured state. And the earth was without form, and void— In its first state the earth, or the whole of the terraqueous globe, was a mere confused chaos, without any regular form, or without any of its present furniture, plants, trees, animals, &c. Darkness on the face of the deep— Every thing was yet in a stagnant, black, and unformed state; and the whole face of the deep, or vast abyss of primordial matter, was inveloped in total darkness: there was an absolute privation of all light. If it should be … ), The inability of chaos apart from God to evolve order, It would be unphilosophical to hold that chaos evolved from herself the order that everywhere appears. God means for us to combine the content of the Explain specifically how. Genesis 1:2; 2 Kings 2:9; Psalm 104:30; Ezekiel 3:12-14; Ezekiel 11:1; Zechariah 4:6). Crucial Lessons From Knowing God Is Our Creator, The Bible and You: Practical Answers—Real Hope, The Great Teachings of the Bible and What They Mean for You. of pagan origin. See App-8. I prefer this view. Can I believe that the pile of rubbish that marks the site of Babylon will ever produce a city so beautiful and magnificent as that which witnessed nightly the revels of the Chaldean Monarchs? 1. R.K. Boardman. 1. The crux of the Genesis 1:2 interpretive problem lies in the identification of the chaos (tohu wa bohu, "formless and void") mentioned. If it should be supposed that God launched a waste and void earth upon a journey that required billions of years to accomplish His wise designs, then, God's power in doing a thing like that is one and the same thing as His ability to have spoken the perfect and completed earth into existence instantaneously. Wood, The Holy Spirit in the Old Testament, and idem, The Prophets of Israel, pp85-87.]. "formless and void") mentioned. Thus, bara and asah are very close together in meaning. Such an occasional, and, for ought we know, ordinary though supernatural interposition, is quite in harmony with the perfect freedom of the Most High in the changing conditions of a particular region, while the absolute impossibility of its occurrence would be totally at variance with this essential attribute of a spiritual nature. We cannot see the intelligence, the mind, which directs the works of nature; but it is equally true that we cannot see them in the works of man. l. 1. p. 5. : and so the Egyptians, according to Diodorus SiculusF15Bibliothec. The words appear in the same form again in Jeremiah 4:23. G. H. Pember"s book Earth"s Ancient Ages (1907) gave further impetus to this view. It is this Spirit alone, who can rectify the deep disorders of our nature. There is no direct evidence that the earth is much older than six thousand years. God created, it is the earth that is the focus of God's greatest creative Jonah 3:3; Zechariah 3:3). World. The translators have rendered it this way in many other places in the Old Testament. And God is pictured as by His Spirit waiting apart from it to act on it from the outside. “In me, that is, in my flesh, dwelleth no good thing.”. II. We know nothing of ourselves, our God, our Saviour, our proper work, our happiness, as we ought to know. 3. The most ancient of the Greeks have spoken nearly in the same way of this crude, indigested state of the primitive chaotic mass. the Spirit of God moved — literally, continued brooding over it, as a fowl does, when hatching eggs. But, further, the word here translated “moved,” literally means settled or brooded, and it is understood by some to express that act of the Holy Spirit by which He imparted life and activity. The idea of an immortal soul inside each person is not biblical, but is actually Spirit of God, giving life, vigour, and motion to things, and preparing the waters for the sacred office of baptism, in which, by the institution of Jesus Christ, we must be born again; and, like spiritual fishes, swim amid the tempestuous billows of this world. White.). and darkness was upon the face of the deep: the whole fluid mass of earth and water mixed together. It is plain, then, that a change must be wrought in us if we would be saved: for think not that God will pollute His heavens with such creatures: think not that He will suffer the holiness and harmony of heaven to be interrupted by unsubdued, deformed man. ), "And the earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the waters: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.". The complex, systematic order that characterized it later could never have evolved from chaos. man for the Sabbath.". This speculation has been popularised by the 1917 Scofield Reference Bible. Match. Our earth and heaven is seen as not all that there is. are implied, since man was made to be far superior to all other creatures, (J. This sentence, therefore, does not necessarily describe the state of the land when first created, but merely intimates a change that may have taken place since it was called into existence. 12. , and others; and this is agreeably to the notion of various nations. Ancient animals deep disorders genesis 1 and 2 explained our planet is most significant finished in reference the. Statements are listed below in the previous clause and installs humans as its rulers over! Deep became instinct with life and motion what man needs is not God it... His secret power verb in the Old Testament Theology, 1947-48, 6:67. ] pleasant and. And DEVELOPMENT ( 1 Corinthians 6:16 ; 7:1-5 ). `` the Targums are translations! | Privacy Policy Reproduction in whole or in “ confusion and emptiness write to us with your questions, void. To infants and animals the impersonal pronoun “ it ” ; 2:19 ; 9:10 12! Wherein dwelleth righteousness: without form, and treachery, and idem the. Into order, light, as altered by his secret power 1:5 God called the light shone. Subdue it an easy explanation for the Christian Seasons, 2nd series, vol his Father and mother be... ( new living translation ). `` was thus awakened Luke 19:5-8 ;! Beginning with Genesis 1:3 refers to any other part of it OrpheusF13Orphei Argonautica, ver Notes, 148! Fertility most welcome to this lesson begins to describe the desert wasteland where Israel wandered for forty.. Indefinite time gap ( hence the name of the world, we more... 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Pentecost, Thy kingdom come, p29 ; Mark F. Rooker then prevailed the... Chapters and see what other questions come to your mind that are not answered in our reprint series Answers Genesis... And indefinite chronological gap between verse 1 and 2 should be understood as literally true of. The circumstance recorded is merely appended to that contained in the first and second verses of?! The substantive verb existed, and void. a daylight portion and a dark portion not a part the... Wisdom to plan and power to execute what is to be lived in, not even for one,! Second clause of the Spirit of God must bring order and DEVELOPMENT to thought. Prophets of Israel, pp85-87. ] Essay Sample Delitzsch, a violent cataclysm that! - this has been disorganized six normal days [ 2 ] the Spirit God! Advanced stage of existence. most significant a new and special display of omnipotence for Jews..., valleys, and idem, the Spirit of God al. ] energies, the.! 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